Today (Wed 9th Sep) was our second DELF course lesson. Last time we explored interviews. This week was a continuation of that theme where we looked at questions and the various ways to ask them in French.
It's important that we recognise the typical ways questions are asked because questions will feature heavily in any DELF interview-based listening and comprehension tests.
Céline mentioned again this week how important it is to make sure we're using our phones to help us with French. There are loads of mobile apps that we can find on Apple Store (if you have an iPhone) or on Google App Store (if you have an Android phone). Just type "France" or "French" into the search and scores of French Apps will be listed.
The local newspaper for our area is called Le Dauphiné. You can buy it at Carrefour or you can read it online here. One advantage of the online version is that it is regularly updated with short articles. This means you can access local area news that is being reported right now.
Use online tools to help find words and phrases, and check understanding. Here is the list of useful resources including Céline's favourite one (which is first on the list).]
This was to write a paragraph about a passion. Everyone handed in their paragraphs to Céline.
In general, there are three ways to ask a question in French. Take a look at the example question, do you like chocolate?
Generally this is only used when actually speaking or when reporting speech. It requires the voice to go up at the end to make the question obvious. Tu aimes le chocolat?
The usual way of asking a question - it is unambiguous and does not rely on any particular intonation. Est-ce que tu aimes le chocolat?
Inverting the verb and the pronoun is seen as slightly more posh French. Il est un peu plus distingué. It is a little more refined to express a question using this method. Aimes-tu le chocolat?
When a question is asked using tu il, elle, nous, vous, elles or ils, then we can use inversion in a question directly. For example
But when group nouns are used, we have to always include the group noun as well as the inversion. For example :
In the inversion above we cannot just say Aiment-ils le chocolat? as it loses the information that we are specifically referring to "the children". Les enfants has to be included so as not to diminish meaning.
Note in the present tense, in the case of inversion, the main verb swaps places with the pronoun.
Note where the tense uses two verbs in the case of inversion, the auxiliary verb swaps places with the pronoun.
These are questions that can be answered with only a yes or a no.
For example, Est-ce qu'il a froid?
can be answered sufficiently with oui or non. But there are other types of question that demand a fuller answer.
These questions require more information than a yes or a no. These questions that ask
These can all be asked in the three ways previously discussed. Here are some examples:
Céline sent out an email with the lesson and homework document for this week attached. The same document can be downloaded from here.
Using the document, complete the exercise entitled L'interrogation. The exercise has 4 sets of 10 questions. Céline has asked us to do Set 1 and Set 4 for homework. Set 3 was done in the class, but if you were unable to attend this week, you could add Set 3 to your homework.
The clue to which of the why, where, which, what etc. answers is appropriate, is in the question. The homework is to write the question (to which each answer is given) with both the est-ce que and inversion versions.
Here's a list of the vocabulary we covered during the lesson. If you are on a mobile phone use vertical and horizontal scroll bars to see the full table.